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Current Transplantation Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 24–32

Topical Collection on Live Kidney Donation

Abstract

One third of the kidney transplants performed in the USA come from living kidney donors. The long-term outcome of healthy individuals who donate kidneys is mostly excellent, although recent studies have suggested that living donation is associated with a small absolute increase in the risk of end stage renal failure. Much of our understanding about the progression of kidney disease comes from experimental models of nephron loss. For this reason, living kidney donation has long been of great interest to renal physiologists. This review will summarize the determinants of glomerular filtration and the physiology that underlies post-donation hyperfiltration. We describe the ‘remnant kidney’ model of kidney disease and the reasons why such progressive kidney disease very rarely ensues in healthy humans following uninephrectomy. We also review some of the methods used to determine glomerular number and size and outline their associations.

KeywordsLiving donor Donor safety Single nephron Glomerular physiology Kidney donor This article is part of the Topical Collection on Live Kidney Donation

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Autor: Colin R. Lenihan - Bryan D. Myers - Jane C. Tan

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40472-016-0092-y



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