Near-resonant optical forces beyond the two-level approximation for a continuous source of spin-polarized cold atomsReportar como inadecuado




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1 ICFO - Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques Castelldefels 2 ICREA - Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats Barcelona

Abstract : We propose a method to generate a source of spin-polarized cold atoms which are continuously extracted and guided from a magneto-optical trap using an atom-diode effect. We show that it is possible to create a pipe-like potential by overlapping two optical beams coupled with the two transitions of a three-level system in a ladder configuration. With alkali-metal atoms, and in particular with $^{87}$Rb, a proper choice of transitions enables both the potential generation and optical pumping, thus polarizing the sample in a given Zeeman state. We extend the Dalibard and Cohen-Tannoudji dressed-atom model of radiative forces to the case of a three-level system. We derive expressions for the average force and the different sources of momentum diffusion in the resonant, non-perturbative regime. We show using numerical simulations that a significant fraction of the atoms initially loaded can be guided over several centimeters with output velocities of a few meters per second. This would produce a collimated continuous source of slow spin-polarized atoms suitable for atom interferometry.





Autor: Thomas Vanderbruggen - Morgan Mitchell -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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