Comparison of awareness about precautions for needle stick injuries: a survey among health care workers at a tertiary care center in PakistanReportar como inadecuado

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Patient Safety in Surgery

, 10:19

First Online: 07 September 2016Received: 14 March 2016Accepted: 31 August 2016


BackgroundNeedle stick injuries NSIs have the potential of causing Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, which is constantly adding to the burden of chronic liver disease in our country. It poses a risk to Health Care Workers HCWs and the patients they deal with. In order to limit the spread of these viruses, it is imperative that these HCWs be fully equipped with knowledge regarding prevention of NSIs and dealing with one, regardless of their designation. We therefore aimed to assess and compare the level of awareness about precautions for needle stick injuries amongst all those greatest at risk.

MethodsThis was a cross- sectional study carried out at Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. A 23 itemed self-administered questionnaire was given to hospital staff including doctors, lab technicians and nurses via convenience sampling, in various departments. Data was analyzed via SPSS 18 software and a p-value of <0.05 was considered significant.

ResultsA total of 198 responses were taken for this study, out of which 70 35.4 % were doctors, 70 35.4 % nursing staff and 58 29.3 % laboratory technicians. Of all HCWs, 101 51 % knew that the standard method of discarding needles is without recapping. 159 80.3 % were still recapping needles. 180 90.9 % HCWs were vaccinated against Hepatitis B. 36 18.2 % were aware that blood should be allowed to flow after an NSI and site of prick should be washed with an antiseptic.

ConclusionThe awareness was found to be very low amongst all HCWs. It should therefore be made compulsory for all HCWs to attend proper preparatory classes by the infection control department at the time of employment in order to improve the level of awareness and ensure safe practices.

KeywordsNeedle stick injuries Health care workers Awareness Laboratory technicians Nursing staff Doctors Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13037-016-0108-7 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Abdul Rafay Qazi - Furqan Ali Siddiqui - Salman Faridi - Urooj Nadeem - Nida Iqbal Umer - Zainab Saeed Mohsini - Muhamma


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