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Current Surgery Reports

, 4:37

Thoracic Surgery

Abstract

Purpose of ReviewSurgery is considered the best treatment option for patients with early stage lung cancer. Nevertheless, lung resection may cause a variable functional impairment that could influence the whole cardio-respiratory system with potential life-threatening complications. The aim of the present study is to review the most relevant evidences about the evaluation of surgical risk before lung resection, in order to define a practical approach for the preoperative functional assessment in lung cancer patients.

Recent FindingsThe first step in the preoperative functional evaluation of a lung resection candidate is a cardiac risk assessment. The predicted postoperative values of forced expiratory volume in one second and carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity should be estimated next. If both values are greater than 60 % of the predicted values, the patients are regarded to be at low surgical risk. If either or both of them result in values lower than 60 %, then a cardiopulmonary exercise test is recommended. Patients with VO2max >20 mL-kg-min are regarded to be at low risk, while those with VO2max <10 mL-kg-min at high risk. Values of VO2max between 10 and 20 mL-kg-min require further risk stratification by the VE-VCO2 slope. A VE-VCO2 <35 indicates an intermediate-low risk, while values above 35 an intermediate-high risk.

SummaryThe recent scientific evidence confirms that the cardiologic evaluation, the pulmonary function test with DLCO measurement, and the cardiopulmonary exercise test are the cornerstones of the preoperative functional evaluation before lung resection. We present a simplified functional algorithm for the surgical risk stratification in lung resection candidates.

KeywordsPreoperative evaluation Cardiac risk Co-morbidities Pulmonary function Exercise test Operative Risk Morbidity Mortality Lung resection Lung cancer surgery This article is part of the Topical collection on Thoracic Surgery.

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Autor: Michele Salati - Alessandro Brunelli

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40137-016-0158-x







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