Shaping by stiffening: a modeling study for lipsReport as inadecuate

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* Corresponding author 1 Department of Mechanics. 2 GIPSA-MAGIC - MAGIC GIPSA-DPC - Département Parole et Cognition 3 GMCAO TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l-Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications Grenoble

Abstract : On the basis of simulations carried out with a finite element biomechanical model of the face, the influence of the muscle stress stiffening effect was studied for the protrusion-rounding of the lips produced with the Orbicularis Oris OO. It is shown that the stress stiffening effect influences lip shape. When stress stiffening is modelled, the variation in the crucial geometrical characteristics of the lips shows a clear saturation effect as the OO activation level increases. Similarly, for a sufficient amount of OO activation, a saturation effect is observed when stiffening increases. In both cases, differences in lip shaping associated with the absence or presence of stiffening have consequences for the spectral characteristics of the speech signal obtained for the French vowel -u-. These results are interpreted in terms of their consequences for the motor control strategies underlying the protrusion-rounding gesture in speech production.

Keywords : lip shape soft tissues speech motor control stiffness biomechanics orofacial muscles

Author: Mohammad Ali Nazari - Pascal Perrier - Matthieu Chabanas - Yohan Payan -



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