Biomechanical comparison of unilateral and bilateral pedicle screws fixation for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion after decompressive surgery - a finite element analysisReportar como inadecuado

Biomechanical comparison of unilateral and bilateral pedicle screws fixation for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion after decompressive surgery - a finite element analysis - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

, 13:72

First Online: 16 May 2012Received: 09 August 2011Accepted: 20 April 2012


BackgroundLittle is known about the biomechanical effectiveness of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion TLIF cages in different positioning and various posterior implants used after decompressive surgery. The use of the various implants will induce the kinematic and mechanical changes in range of motion ROM and stresses at the surgical and adjacent segments. Unilateral pedicle screw with or without supplementary facet screw fixation in the minimally invasive TLIF procedure has not been ascertained to provide adequate stability without the need to expose on the contralateral side. This study used finite element FE models to investigate biomechanical differences in ROM and stress on the neighboring structures after TLIF cages insertion in conjunction with posterior fixation.

MethodsA validated finite-element FE model of L1-S1 was established to implant three types of cages TLIF with a single moon-shaped cage in the anterior or middle portion of vertebral bodies, and TLIF with a left diagonally placed ogival-shaped cage from the left L4-5 level after unilateral decompressive surgery. Further, the effects of unilateral versus bilateral pedicle screw fixation UPSF vs. BPSF in each TLIF cage model was compared to analyze parameters, including stresses and ROM on the neighboring annulus, cage-vertebral interface and pedicle screws.

ResultsAll the TLIF cages positioned with BPSF showed similar ROM <5% at surgical and adjacent levels, except TLIF with an anterior cage in flexion 61% lower and TLIF with a left diagonal cage in left lateral bending 33% lower at surgical level. On the other hand, the TLIF cage models with left UPSF showed varying changes of ROM and annulus stress in extension, right lateral bending and right axial rotation at surgical level. In particular, the TLIF model with a diagonal cage, UPSF, and contralateral facet screw fixation stabilize segmental motion of the surgical level mostly in extension and contralaterally axial rotation. Prominent stress shielded to the contralateral annulus, cage-vertebral interface, and pedicle screw at surgical level. A supplementary facet screw fixation shared stresses around the neighboring tissues and revealed similar ROM and stress patterns to those models with BPSF.

ConclusionsTLIF surgery is not favored for asymmetrical positioning of a diagonal cage and UPSF used in contralateral axial rotation or lateral bending. Supplementation of a contralateral facet screw is recommended for the TLIF construct.

KeywordsTransforaminal lumbar interbody fusion Pedicle screw fixation Contralateral facet screw Finite element analysis Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2474-13-72 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Shih-Hao Chen - Shang-Chih Lin - Wen-Chi Tsai - Chih-Wei Wang - Shih-Heng Chao


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