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Arthritis Research and Therapy

, 14:R178

First Online: 03 August 2012Received: 12 March 2012Revised: 11 June 2012Accepted: 03 August 2012

Abstract

IntroductionFibromyalgia is difficult to treat and requires the use of multiple approaches. This study is a randomized controlled trial of qigong compared with a wait-list control group in fibromyalgia.

MethodsOne hundred participants were randomly assigned to immediate or delayed practice groups, with the delayed group receiving training at the end of the control period. Qigong training level 1 Chaoyi Fanhuan Qigong, CFQ, given over three half-days, was followed by weekly review-practice sessions for eight weeks; participants were also asked to practice at home for 45 to 60 minutes per day for this interval. Outcomes were pain, impact, sleep, physical function and mental function, and these were recorded at baseline, eight weeks, four months and six months. Immediate and delayed practice groups were analyzed individually compared to the control group, and as a combination group.

ResultsIn both the immediate and delayed treatment groups, CFQ demonstrated significant improvements in pain, impact, sleep, physical function and mental function when compared to the wait-list-usual care control group at eight weeks, with benefits extending beyond this time. Analysis of combined data indicated significant changes for all measures at all times for six months, with only one exception. Post-hoc analysis based on self-reported practice times indicated greater benefit with the per protocol group compared to minimal practice.

ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that CFQ, a particular form of qigong, provides long-term benefits in several core domains in fibromyalgia. CFQ may be a useful adjuvant self-care treatment for fibromyalgia.

Trial registrationclinicaltrials.gov NCT00938834.

AbbreviationsBbaseline

BMIBody Mass Index

CFQChaoyi Fanhuan Qigong

FIQfibromyalgia impact questionnaire

IMMPACTInitiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials

IQRinterquartile range

MANOVAmultivariate analysis of variance

MBSRmindfulness-based stress reduction

momonth

NRS-PInumerical rating scale pain intensity

PSQIPittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

SDstandard deviation.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-ar3931 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Mary Lynch - Jana Sawynok - Chok Hiew - Dana Marcon

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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