Vascular time-activity variation in patients undergoing 123I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy: implications for quantification of cardiac and mediastinal uptakeReport as inadecuate




Vascular time-activity variation in patients undergoing 123I-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy: implications for quantification of cardiac and mediastinal uptake - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp 1132–1138

First Online: 02 April 2011Received: 23 November 2010Accepted: 01 March 2011

Abstract

PurposeFor the quantification of cardiac I-metaiodobenzylguanidine MIBG uptake, the mediastinum is commonly used as a reference region reflecting nonspecific background activity. However, variations in the quantity of vascular structures in the mediastinum and the rate of renal clearance of I-MIBG from the blood pool may contribute to increased interindividual variation in uptake. This study examined the relationship between changes in heart H and mediastinal M counts and the change in vascular I-MIBG activity, including the effect of renal function.

MethodsFifty-one subjects with ischemic heart disease underwent early 15 min and late 4 h anterior planar images of the chest following injection of I-MIBG. Vascular I-MIBG activity was determined from venous blood samples obtained at 2 min, 15 min, 35 min, and 4 h post-injection. From the vascular clearance curve of each subject, the mean blood counts-min per ml at the time of each acquisition and the slope of the clearance curve were determined. Renal function was expressed as the estimated creatinine clearance e-CC and the estimated glomerular filtration rate e-GFR. Relations between H and M region of interest ROI counts-pixel, vascular activity, and renal function were then examined using linear regression.

ResultsChanges in ROI activity ratios between early and late planar images could not be explained by blood activity, the slope of the vascular clearance curves, or estimates of renal function. At most 3% of the variation in image counts could be explained by changes in vascular activity p = 0.104. The e-CC and e-GFR could at best explain approximately 1.5% of the variation in the slopes of the vascular clearance curve p = 0.194.

ConclusionThe change in measured H and M counts between early and late planar I-MIBG images is unrelated to intravascular levels of the radiopharmaceutical. This suggests that changes in M counts are primarily due to decrease in soft tissue activity and scatter from the adjacent lungs.

KeywordsI-MIBG Renal function Quantification Myocardial scintigraphy Mediastinum  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Hein J. Verberne - Derk O. Verschure - G. Aernout Somsen - Berthe L. F. van Eck-Smit - Arnold F. Jacobson

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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