The magneto-hydrodynamic instabilities in rotating and precessing sheared flows: An asymptotic analysisReport as inadecuate

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1 département de physique de la faculté des sciences de Tunis 2 LUTH - Laboratoire Univers et Théories 3 LMFA - Laboratoire de Mecanique des Fluides et d-Acoustique

Abstract : Linear magnetohydrodynamic instabilities are studied analytically in the case of unbounded inviscid and electrically conducting flows that are submitted to both rotation and precession with shear in an external magnetic field. For given rotation and precession the possible configurations of the shear and of the magnetic field and their interplay are imposed by the -admissibility- condition i.e., the base flow must be a solution of the magnetohydrodynamic Euler equations: we show that an -admissible- basic magnetic field must align with the basic absolute vorticity. For these flows with elliptical streamlines due to precession we undertake an analytical stability analysis for the corresponding Floquet system, by using an asymptotic expansion into the small parameter ε ratio of precession to rotation frequencies by a method first developed in the magnetoelliptical instabilities study by Lebovitz and Zweibel Astrophys. J. 609 301 2004. The present stability analysis is performed into a suitable frame that is obtained by a systematic change of variables guided by symmetry and the existence of invariants of motion. The obtained Floquet system depends on three parameters: ε, η ratio of the cyclotron frequency to the rotation frequency and χ=cos α, with α being a characteristic angle which, for circular streamlines, ε=0, identifies with the angle between the wave vector and the axis of the solid body rotation. We look at the various centrifugal or precessional resonant couplings between the three present modes: hydrodynamical inertial, magnetic Alfvén, and mixed magnetoinertial modes by computing analytically to leading order in ε the instabilities by estimating their threshold, growth rate, and maximum growth rate and their bandwidths as functions of ε, η, and χ. We show that the subharmonic -magnetic- mode appears only for η>√5-2 and at large η ⪢1 the maximal growth rate of both the -hydrodynamic- and magnetic modes approaches ε-2, while the one of the subharmonic -mixed- mode approaches zero.

Author: Abdelaziz Salhi - Thierry Lehner - Claude Cambon -



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