Sagittal plane gait characteristics in hip osteoarthritis patients with mild to moderate symptoms compared to healthy controls: a cross-sectional studyReport as inadecuate




Sagittal plane gait characteristics in hip osteoarthritis patients with mild to moderate symptoms compared to healthy controls: a cross-sectional study - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

, 13:258

Orthopedics and biomechanics

Abstract

BackgroundExistent biomechanical studies on hip osteoarthritic gait have primarily focused on the end stage of disease. Consequently, there is no clear consensus on which specific gait parameters are of most relevance for hip osteoarthritis patients with mild to moderate symptoms. The purpose of this study was to explore sagittal plane gait characteristics during the stance phase of gait in hip osteoarthritis patients not eligible for hip replacement surgery. First, compared to healthy controls, and second, when categorized into two subgroups of radiographic severity defined from a minimal joint space of ≤->2 mm.

MethodsSagittal plane kinematics and kinetics of the hip, knee and ankle joint were calculated for total joint excursion throughout the stance phase, as well as from the specific events initial contact, midstance, peak hip extension and toe-off following 3D gait analysis. In addition, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, passive hip range of motion, and isokinetic muscle strength of hip and knee flexion and extension were included as secondary outcomes. Data were checked for normality and differences evaluated with the independent Student’s t-test, Welch’s t-test and the independent Mann–Whitney U-test. A binary logistic regression model was used in order to control for velocity in key variables.

ResultsFourty-eight hip osteoarthritis patients and 22 controls were included in the final material. The patients walked significantly slower than the controls p=0.002, revealed significantly reduced joint excursions of the hip p<0.001 and knee p=0.011, and a reduced hip flexion moment at midstance and peak hip extension p<0.001. Differences were primarily manifested during the latter 50% of stance, and were persistent when controlling for velocity. Subgroup analyses of patients with minimal joint space ≤->2 mm suggested that the observed deviations were more pronounced in patients with greater radiographic severity. The biomechanical differences were, however, not reflected in self-reported symptoms or function.

ConclusionsReduced gait velocity, reduced sagittal plane joint excursion, and a reduced hip flexion moment in the late stance phase of gait were found to be evident already in hip osteoarthritis patients with mild to moderate symptoms, not eligible for total hip replacement. Consequently, these variables should be considered as key features in studies regarding hip osteoarthritic gait at all stages of disease. Subgroup analyses of patients with different levels of radiographic OA further generated the hypothesis that the observed characteristics were more pronounced in patients with a minimal joint space ≤2 mm.

KeywordsOsteoarthritis Hip Biomechanics Gait analysis AbbreviationsHHSHarris Hip Score

MJSMinimal joint space

Nm-BWNewton-meter normalized to bodyweight

OAOsteoarthritis

ROARadiographic osteoarthritis

ROMRange of motion

SDStandard deviation

THRTotal hip replacement

WOMACWestern Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2474-13-258 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

An erratum to this article is available at http:-dx.doi.org-10.1186-s12891-015-0483-8.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Ingrid Eitzen - Linda Fernandes - Lars Nordsletten - May Arna Risberg

Source: https://link.springer.com/







Related documents