Prevalence and related factors of anemia in HAART-naive HIV positive patients at Gondar University Hospital, Northwest EthiopiaReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Blood Disorders

, 13:8

First Online: 09 August 2013Received: 21 September 2012Accepted: 07 August 2013

Abstract

BackgroundAnaemia is a common complication of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus HIV and may have various causes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and related factors of anemia in HAART-naive HIV positive Patients.

MethodsA retrospective study was conducted on HAART naive HIV positive patients at the Gondar University Hospital between September 2011 and August 2012. Socio-demographic and immunohematological hemoglobin and CD4+ T cells data were collected carefully from the existing ART logbook and patient follow up cards. Anaemia was defined according to the WHO criteria.

ResultsThe overall prevalence of anaemia was 138 35%. Female HAART naive HIV positive patients had significantly P < 0.05 higher prevalence of anaemia than males 62% Vs 38%. The prevalence of anaemia at different CD4 level was; 6 4% with CD4 count greater than 500 cells-μL, 18 13% with a CD4 count of 350–500 cells-μL, 37 27% with a CD4 count of 200–349 cells-μL, 44 32% with a CD4 count of 100–199 cells-μL, 14 10% with a CD4 count of 50–99 and 19 14% with CD4 count of less than 50 cells-μL.

ConclusionsOur findings showed that one-third of HAART naïve HIV positive patients were anaemic and the increase in prevalence of anaemia with decreased CD4 cell count was statistically significant. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of anaemia in these patients are essential.

KeywordsAnaemia HIV HAART-naïve CD4 count  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Getachew Ferede - Yitayih Wondimeneh

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/2052-1839-13-8







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