Enhanced deformation of limestone and sandstone in the presence of high pCO2 fluidsReport as inadecuate

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1 LGIT - Laboratoire de Géophysique Interne et Tectonophysique 2 PGP - Physics of Geological Processes 3 IFPEN - IFP Energies nouvelles

Abstract : Geological repositories subject to the injection of large amounts of anthropogenic carbon dioxide will undergo chemical and mechanical instabilities for which there are currently little experimental data. This study reports on experiments where low and high pCO2 8~MPa aqueous fluids where injected into natural rock samples. The experiments were performed in flow-through triaxial cells, where the vertical and confining stresses, temperature, and pressure and composition of the fluid were separately controlled and monitored. The axial vertical strains of two limestones and one sandstone were continuously measured during separate experiments for several months, with a strain rate resolution of 10^-11 s-1. Fluids exiting the triaxial cells where continuously collected and their compositions analysed. The high pCO2 fluids induced an increase in strain rates of the limestones by up to a factor of 5, compared to the low pCO2 fluids. Injection of high pCO2 fluids into the sandstone resulted in deformation rates one order of magnitude smaller than the limestones. The creep accelerating effect of high pCO2 fluids with respect to the limestones was mainly due to the acidification of the injected fluids, resulting in a significant increase in solubility and reaction kinetics of calcite. Compared to the limestones, the much weaker response of the sandstone was due to the much lower solubility and reactivity of quartz in high pCO2 fluids. In general, all samples showed a positive correlation between fluid flow rate and strain rate. X-ray tomography results revealed significant increases in porosity at the inlet portion of each core; the porosity increases were dependent on the original lithological structure and composition. The overall deformation of the samples is interpreted in terms of simultaneous dissolution reactions in pore spaces and intergranular pressure solution creep.

Author: Yvi Le Guen - Roland Hellmann - Marielle Collombet - Jean-Pierre Gratier - François Renard - Etienne Brosse -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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