External versus internal fixation for bicondylar tibial plateau fractures: systematic review and meta-analysisReport as inadecuate

External versus internal fixation for bicondylar tibial plateau fractures: systematic review and meta-analysis - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 275–285

First Online: 26 August 2015Received: 27 March 2015Accepted: 08 August 2015


BackgroundIt is uncertain whether external fixation or open reduction internal fixation ORIF is optimal for patients with bicondylar tibial plateau fractures.

Materials and methodsA systematic review using Ovid MEDLINE, Embase Classic, Embase, AMED, the Cochrane Library, Open Grey, Orthopaedic Proceedings, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Current Controlled Trials, US National Institute for Health Trials Registry, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The search was conducted on 3rd October 2014 and no language limits were applied. Inclusion criteria were all clinical study designs comparing external fixation with open reduction internal fixation of bicondylar tibial plateau fractures. Studies of only one treatment modality were excluded, as were those that included unicondylar tibial plateau fractures. Treatment effects from studies reporting dichotomous outcomes were summarised using odds ratios. Continuous outcomes were converted to standardized mean differences to assess the treatment effect, and inverse variance methods used to combine data. A fixed effect model was used for meta-analyses.

ResultsPatients undergoing external fixation were more likely to have returned to preinjury activities by six and twelve months P = 0.030 but not at 24 months follow-up. However, external fixation was complicated by a greater number of infections OR 2.59, 95 % CI 1.25–5.36, P = 0.01. There were no statistically significant differences in the rates of deep infection, venous thromboembolism, compartment syndrome, or need for re-operation between the two groups.

ConclusionAlthough external fixation and ORIF are associated with different complication profiles, both are acceptable strategies for managing bicondylar tibial plateau fractures.

Level of evidenceII.

KeywordsExternal fixation Internal fixation Bicondylar tibial plateau Proximal tibial fracture  Download fulltext PDF

Author: David Metcalfe - Craig J. Hickson - Lesley McKee - Xavier L. Griffin

Source: https://link.springer.com/

Related documents