The relationship between hypertension and sleep duration: an analysis of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey KNHANES V-3Reportar como inadecuado




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Clinical Hypertension

, 21:8

First Online: 11 June 2015Received: 14 October 2014Accepted: 04 April 2015

Abstract

IntroductionHypertension is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease CVD.
The majority of patients, however, cannot easily maintain a healthy blood pressure.
Therefore, lifestyle modifications are important and may include getting enough sleep.
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between sleep duration and hypertension, as defined by the Joint National Committee JNC 7 and JNC 8 guidelines.

MethodsWe used the data from 6,365 individuals aged ≥ 18 years based on national data from a representative sample of the 5 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-3 in 2012.
The participants were divided into three categories: JNC 7, JNC 8, and newly excluded only.
The duration of sleep was classified as less than 5, 6, 7, 8, or more than 9 hours.

ResultsCompared with the appropriate sleep duration of 7 hours, with a sleep duration of less than 5 hours, the recommended pharmacological treatment of hypertension rate increased 1.908-fold 95% CI = 1.483-2.456 according to the JNC 8 guidelines and 1.864-fold 95% CI = 1.446-2.403 according to the JNC 7 guidelines.
However, there was no statistical difference with the other sleep categories.

DiscussionThe recommended hypertension treatment rate increased significantly in the less than 5 hours sleep group according to the JNC 8 guidelines.
To manage hypertension effectively, it may be useful to maintain a lifestyle of sleeping more than 6 hours.

KeywordsBlood pressure Hypertension Sleep duration Hye-Rim Hwang and Jeong-Gyu Lee contributed equally to this work.

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Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40885-015-0020-y



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