Back pain was less explained than leg pain: a cross-sectional study using magnetic resonance imaging in low back pain patients with and without radiculopathyReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

, 16:374

Clinical diagnostics and imaging


BackgroundCross-sectional studies have shown associations between lumbar degenerative manifestations on magnetic resonance imaging MRI and low back pain LBP. Disc herniations and other degenerative manifestations, however, frequently occur in asymptomatic individuals. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to analyze for associations between pain intensity and degenerative manifestations and other pain variables in patients for whom prognostic factors have been published previously.

MethodsIncluded were 141 consecutive patients with and without radiculopathy, all sick-listed 1–4 months due to low back pain and subsequently examined by MRI of the lumbar spine. Using different methods of grouping the degenerative manifestations, linear regression analyses were performed with the intensity of back + leg pain, back pain and leg pain as dependent variables covering actual pain and pain the preceding 2 weeks. The clinical classification into +-− radiculopathy was established before and independently of the standardised description of MRI findings.

ResultsRadiculopathy was present in 43 % of the patients. Pain was best explained using rank-ordered degenerative manifestations on MRI. Back pain and leg pain were differently associated, and back pain was less explained than leg pain in the multivariate analyses 15 % vs. 31 % of the variation. Back pain intensity was higher in patients with type 1 Modic changes and in some patients with nerve root touch, but was not associated with disc herniations. Leg pain intensity was well explained by disc herniations causing MRI nerve root compromise and radiculopathy. In patients with radiculopathy, nerve root touch caused as much leg pain as nerve root displacement or compression. High intensity zones and osteophytes were not associated with back pain, but only associated with leg pain in patients with radiculopathy. Tender points explained some of the back pain, and widespread pain explained leg pain in some of the patients without radiculopathy.

ConclusionsBack pain was associated with type 1 Modic changes, nerve root touch and tender points, whereas leg pain was associated with osteophytes, HIZ, disc herniation, all sorts of MRI nerve root compromise, radiculopathy and widespread pain.

KeywordsLow back pain Leg pain Magnetic resonance imaging Disc herniation Radiculopathy Nerve root touch High intensity zone Osteophytes Tender points Widespread pain  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Ole Kudsk Jensen - Claus Vinther Nielsen - Joan Solgaard Sørensen - Kristian Stengaard-Pedersen


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