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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

, 16:373

Orthopedics and biomechanics


BackgroundFor the analysis of different treatments concerning anterior cruciate ligament ACL rupture, objective methods for the quantification of knee stability are needed. Therefore, a new method for in-vivo stability measurement using a robotic testing system should be developed and evaluated.

MethodsA new experimental setting was developed using a KUKA robot and a custom-made chair for the positioning and fixation of the participants. The tibia was connected to the robot via a Vacoped shoe and magnetic buttons, providing adequate safety. Anterior tibial translation and internal tibial rotation were measured on both legs of 40 healthy human subjects at 30°, 60° and 90° of flexion, applying anterior forces of 80 N and internal torques of 4 Nm, respectively.

ResultsWhile the mean differences between the right and left leg measured for anterior tibial translation were within an acceptable range <1.5 mm, the absolute values were substantially large 38–40.5 mm. For mean internal tibial rotation, between 17.5 and 20° were measured at the different sides and flexion angles, with a maximal difference of 0.75°. High reproducibility of the measurements could be demonstrated for both, anterior tibial translation ICC3,1 = 0.97 and internal tibial rotation ICC3,1 = 0.94.

ConclusionsExcellent results were achieved for internal tibial rotation, almost reproducing current in-vitro studies, but too large anterior tibial translation was measured due to soft-tissue compression. Therefore, high potential for the analysis of ACL related treatments concerning rotational stability is seen for the proposed method, but further optimization is necessary to enhance this method for the reliable measurement of anterior tibial translation.

KeywordsACL Anterior tibial translation Rotational stability Robotic-aided In-vivo measurement  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Andrea Lorenz - Verena Krickl - Ingmar Ipach - Eva-Maria Arlt - Nikolaus Wülker - Ulf G. Leichtle


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