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Dysphagia

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 367–375

First Online: 23 January 2016Received: 15 June 2015Accepted: 29 December 2015

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS is a progressive neurological disease that can result in difficulties with mastication leading to malnutrition, choking or aspiration, and reduced quality of life. When evaluating mastication, clinicians primarily observe spatial and temporal aspects of jaw motion. The reliability and validity of clinical observations for detecting jaw movement abnormalities is unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine the reliability and validity of clinician-based ratings of chewing performance in neuro-typical controls and persons with varying degrees of chewing impairments due to ALS. Adults chewed a solid food consistency while full-face video were recorded along with jaw kinematic data using a 3D optical motion capture system. Five experienced speech-language pathologists watched the videos and rated the spatial and temporal aspects of chewing performance. The jaw kinematic data served as the gold-standard for validating the clinicians’ ratings. Results showed that the clinician-based rating of temporal aspects of chewing performance had strong inter-rater reliability and correlated well with comparable kinematic measures. In contrast, the reliability of rating the spatial and spatiotemporal aspects of chewing i.e., range of motion of the jaw, consistency of the chewing pattern was mixed. Specifically, ratings of range of motion were at best only moderately reliable. Ratings of chewing movement consistency were reliable but only weakly correlated with comparable measures of jaw kinematics. These findings suggest that clinician ratings of temporal aspects of chewing are appropriate for clinical use, whereas ratings of the spatial and spatiotemporal aspects of chewing may not be reliable or valid.

KeywordsDysphagia Clinical assessment Mastication Kinematics Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Deglutition Deglutition disorders  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Meg Simione - Erin M. Wilson - Yana Yunusova - Jordan R. Green

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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