Correlative Compositional Analysis of Fiber-Optic NanoparticlesReport as inadecuate

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1 Cameca 2 LPMC - Laboratoire de physique de la matière condensée 3 GEORESSOURCES ET ENVIRONNEMENT 4 IPGP - Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris 5 NRIMS - National Resource for Imaging Mass Spectroscopy

Abstract : Development of new active optical fiber devices requires materials with augmented intrinsic properties, using luminescent ion–doped silica as a host glass. Nanoparticles NPs in optical fibers can provide this augmentation as they can combine the sturdiness and low cost of silica with particular spectroscopic behavior that would not appear in a pure silica local environment. Ideally, NPs would fully encapsulate luminescent ions to produce engineered spectroscopic properties. This technology would be of great interest for a large domain of applications: high power fiber lasers, random lasers, light sources with new wavelengths and telecommunications. As silicate systems have a large phase immiscibility domain when they contain divalent metal oxides such as Mg, one can take advantage of thermal treatments inherent to the MCVD process to obtain NPs through phase separation. NPs are grown in situ within the material. Although glass-ceramics were discovered in 1950-s, there is a great demand on experimental data to understand the early stages of nucleation 1. Modern glass ceramics are generally obtained through many trial-and-error processing steps, involving variations in composition as well as thermal treatments. Although classical nucleation theory was the first model proposed to explain those phenomena, growth rate mismatches could encompass several order of magnitude. According to this capillary assumption-based model, nuclei properties are the same as those of the bulk same structure and composition. Recent articles disprove assumption of structure, pointing toward NPs structural changes 2 and transition from amorphous nuclei to crystalline NPs 3. Compositional changes for small particle sizes ~1-10 nm have been measured in alloys with Anomalous Small Angle X-Ray Scattering ASAXS 4 and in steels with Atom Probe Tomography APT 5. Recent developments in APT allowed the extension of such studies to glass-ceramics, presenting additional challenges in specimen preparation and yield 6. In the current work, we report experimental data disproving the second capillary assumption at the early stage of nucleation-growth process.

Author: H Francois-Saint-Cyr - I Martin - W Blanc - P Lecoustumer - C Hombourger - D Neuville - D.J. Larson - T.J. Prosa - C Guillermier



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