Comparative immune responses against Psoroptes ovis in two cattle breeds with different susceptibility to mangeReportar como inadecuado




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Abstract : AbstractThe sheep scab mite, Psoroptes ovis, is a major problem in the beef cattle industry, especially in Belgian Blue BB cattle. This breed is naturally more predisposed to psoroptic mange but reasons for this high susceptibility remain unknown. Different immune responses could be a potential cause; thus in this study, the cutaneous immune response and in vitro cellular immune response after antigen re-stimulation were examined in naturally infested BB. Cytokine production in the skin and in circulating re-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells PBMC demonstrated a mixed pro-inflammatory Th2-Th17 profile, with transcription of IL-4, IL-13, IL-6 and IL-17. Strong IL-17 up-regulation in the skin of BB was associated with an influx of eosinophils and other immune cells, potentially leading towards more severe symptoms. Virtually no changes in cutaneous IFN-γ transcription were detected, while there was substantial IFN-γ up-regulation in re-stimulated PBMC from infested and uninfested animals, potentially indicating a role of this pro-inflammatory cytokine in the innate immune response. In Holstein–Friesian HF cattle, generally more resistant to P. ovis infection, a largely similar immunologic response was observed. Differences between HF and BB were the lack of cutaneous IL-17 response in infested HF and low transcription levels of IFN-γ and high IL-10 transcription in re-stimulated PBMC from both infested and uninfested animals. Further research is needed to identify potential cell sources and biological functions for these cytokines and to fully unravel the basis of this different breed susceptibility to P. ovis.





Autor: Charlotte Sarre Ana González-Hernández Stefanie Van Coppernolle Rika Grit Korneel Grauwet Frederik Van Meulder Koen Chiers Wim

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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