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Journal of Energy - Volume 2016 2016, Article ID 5082678, 14 pages -

Research ArticleEnergy Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 321, Khartoum, Sudan

Received 27 March 2016; Accepted 12 June 2016

Academic Editor: Ciro Aprea

Copyright © 2016 Ali A. Rabah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study aimed to develop energy flow diagram Sankey diagram of Sudan for the base year 2014. The developed Sankey diagram is the first of its kind in Sudan. The available energy balance for the base year 2012 is a simple line draw and did not count the energy supply by private and mixed sectors such as sugar and oil industries and marine and civil aviation. The private and mixed sectors account for about 7% of the national grid electric power. Four energy modules are developed: resources, transformation, demand, and export and import modules. The data are obtained from relevant Sudanese ministries and directorates and Sudan Central Bank. -e!Sankey 4 pro- software is used to develop the Sankey diagram. The main primary types of energy in Sudan are oil, hydro, biomass, and renewable energy. Sudan has a surplus of gasoline, petroleum coke, and biomass and deficit in electric power, gasoil, jet oil, and LPG. The surplus of gasoline is exported; however, the petroleum coke is kept as reserve. The deficit is covered by import. The overall useful energy is 76% and the loss is 24%. The useful energy is distributed among residential 38%, transportation 33%, industry 12%, services 16%, and agriculture 1% sectors.

Autor: Ali A. Rabah, Hassan B. Nimer, Kamal R. Doud, and Quosay A. Ahmed



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