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Advances in Materials Science and EngineeringVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 508179, 7 pages

Research Article

Department of Power & Desalination Plants, Ministry of Electricity, Kuwait City, Kuwait

Mechanical Production Engineering Department, College of Technological Studies, PAAET, Kuwait City, Kuwait

Centre of Excellence in Engineered Fiber Composites CEEFC, Faculty of Engineering and Surveying, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia

Received 16 April 2013; Accepted 27 April 2013

Academic Editor: Belal F. Yousif

Copyright © 2013 B. Aldousiri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Recently, recycled thermoplastic polymers become an alternative resource for manufacturing industrial products. However, they have low mechanical properties compared to the thermosets. In this paper, an attempt has been made to enhance the mechanical properties of recycled high density polyethylene HDPE with chopped strand mat CSM glass fibres as a synthetic reinforcement and with short oil palm fibres as a biodegradable natural reinforcement. The effects of volume fraction of both synthetic and natural fibres on tensile, compression, hardness, and flexural properties of the HDPE were investigated. The failure mechanism of the composite was studied with the aid of optical microscopy. Tensile properties of the HDPE composites are greatly affected by the weight fraction of both the synthetic and the natural fibres. The higher strength of the composites was exhibited when at higher weight fraction of both natural and syntactic fibres which was about 50 MPa. Date palm fibre showed good interfacial adhesion to the HDPE despite the untreated condition used. On the other hand, treatment of the fibres is recommended for higher tensile performance of the composites.

Autor: B. Aldousiri, M. Alajmi, and A. Shalwan



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