Apramycin treatment affects selection and spread of a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli strain able to colonize the human gut in the intestinal microbiota of pigsReportar como inadecuado




Apramycin treatment affects selection and spread of a multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli strain able to colonize the human gut in the intestinal microbiota of pigs - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

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Abstract : AbstractThe effect of apramycin treatment on transfer and selection of an Escherichia coli strain E. coli 912 in the intestine of pigs was analyzed through an in vivo experiment. The strain was sequenced and assigned to the sequence type ST101 and serotype O11. It carried resistance genes to apramycin-gentamicin, sulphonamide, tetracycline, hygromycin B, β-lactams and streptomycin aac3-IV, sul2, tetX, aph4, blaTEM-1 and strA-B, with all but tetX located on the same conjugative plasmid. Nineteen pigs were randomly allocated into two inoculation groups, one treated with apramycin pen 2 and one non-treated pen 3, along with a non-inoculated control group pen 1. Two pigs of pen 2 and 3 were inoculated intragastrically with a rifampicin resistant variant of the strain. Apramycin treatment in pen 2 was initiated immediately after inoculation. Strain colonization was assessed in the feces from all pigs. E. coli 912 was shown to spread to non-inoculated pigs in both groups. The selective effect did not persist beyond 3 days post-treatment, and the strain was not detected from this time point in pen 2. We demonstrated that E. coli 912 was able to spread between pigs in the same pen irrespective of treatment, and apramycin treatment resulted in significantly higher counts compared to the non-treated group. This represents the first demonstration of how antimicrobial treatment affects spread of resistant bacteria in pig production. The use of apramycin may lead to enhanced spread of gentamicin-resistant E. coli. Since gentamicin is a first-choice drug for human bacteremia, this is of concern.





Autor: Ana Herrero-Fresno - Camilla Zachariasen Monica Hegstad Hansen Alexander Nielsen Rene S. Hendriksen Søren Saxmose Nielsen John E

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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