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BMC Palliative Care

, 15:70

Psychosocial

Abstract

BackgroundThe balance between hope-hopelessness plays an important role in the way terminally ill patients report quality of life, and personal resilience may be related to hope at the end of life. The objective of this study was to explore associations between personal resilience, hope, and other possible predictors of hope in advanced cancer patients.

MethodsA cross-sectional pilot study was carried out with metastatic colorectal cancer patients in a tertiary hospital. The patients answered the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Herth Hope Index, Barthel Index, an instrument addressing family and social support, visual-numeric scales for pain and suffering, a two-item screening for depression, socio-demographic and socio-economic information about the family.

ResultsForty-four patients were interviewed mean age 56 years; range 29-86. A strong correlation was noted between resilience and hope 0.63; p < 0.05. No correlation was found between hope and independence for activities of daily living, support from family and community, and pain and suffering levels. Of the 44 patients, 20 presented with depressive symptoms. These depressive patients had lower resilience p = 0.005 and hope p = 0.003, and higher scores of suffering p < 0.001. The association between resilience and hope kept stable after adjusting for age, gender, and presence of depression p < 0.001.

ConclusionGiven that resilience is a dynamic, changeable path that can improve hope, resilience-fostering interventions should be most valued in palliative care settings and should be commenced as soon as possible with cancer patients. Patients with advanced stages of non-malignant conditions would also probably benefit from such interventions.

KeywordsCancer Oncology Resilience Psychological Hope Terminal care Palliative care Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12904-016-0139-y contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Joao Paulo Consentino Solano - Amanda Gomes da Silva - Ivan Agurtov Soares - Hazem Adel Ashmawi - Joaquim Edson Vieira

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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