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Journal of ObesityVolume 2010 2010, Article ID 757939, 7 pages

Research Article

Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden

Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute and Department of Cardiology, Karolinska University Hospital, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden

Uppsala Clinical Research Center UCR, Uppsala University, 75183 Uppsala, Sweden

Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 19 August 2009; Revised 27 December 2009; Accepted 3 February 2010

Academic Editor: Karen Charlton

Copyright © 2010 U. Risérus et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Waist girth and BMI are commonly used as markers of cardiometabolic risk. Accumulating data however suggest that sagittal abdominal diameter SAD or “abdominal height” may be a better marker of intra-abdominal adiposity and cardiometabolic risk. We aimed to identify cutoffs for SAD using a cardiometabolic risk score. Design. A population-based cross-sectional study. Methods. In 4032 subjects 1936 men and 2096 women at age 60, different anthropometric variables SAD, BMI, waist girth, and waist-to-hip ratio were measured and cardiometabolic risk score calculated. ROC curves were used to assess cutoffs. Results. Among men SAD showed the strongest correlations to the majority of the individual risk factors; whereas in women SAD was equal to that of waist girth. In the whole sample, the area under the ROC curve was highest for SAD. The optimal SAD cutoff for an elevated cardiometabolic risk score in men was 22 cm 95%CI; 21.6 to 22.8 and in women 20 cm 95%CI; 19.4 to 20.8. These cutoffs were similar if the Framingham risk score was used. Conclusions. These cutoffs may be used in research and screening to identify “metabolically obese” men who would benefit from lifestyle and pharmacological interventions. These results need to be verified in younger age groups.

Autor: U. Risérus, U. de Faire, L. Berglund, and M.-L. Hellénius



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