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Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 57, Issue 6, pp 687–693

First Online: 28 January 2012Received: 04 June 2011Accepted: 27 October 2011


The wide application of evaporative cooling techniques in which the optimization criteria form the theoretical basis for improving evaporative cooling performance is essential for energy conservation and emission reduction. Based on exergy analysis and the entransy dissipation-based thermal resistance method, this contribution aims to investigate the effects of flow and area distributions in the optimization of the performance of indirect evaporative cooling systems. We first establish the relationships of exergy efficiency, entransy dissipation-based thermal resistance and cooling capacity of a typical indirect cooling system. Using the prescribed inlet parameters, the heat and mass transfer coefficients and the circulating water mass flow rate, we then numerically validate that when the cooling capacity reaches a maximum, the entransy dissipation-based thermal resistance falls to a minimum while the exergy efficiency is not at an extreme value. The result shows that the entransy dissipation-based thermal resistance, not the exergy efficiency, characterizes the heat transfer performance of an evaporative cooling system, which provides a more suitable method for evaluating and analyzing the indirect cooling system.

Keywordsindirect evaporative cooling optimization criteria entransy dissipation-based thermal resistance exergy efficiency This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com

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Autor: Fang Yuan - Qun Chen

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11434-011-4903-3

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