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Science China Life Sciences

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 181–187

First Online: 15 March 2012Received: 22 April 2011Accepted: 06 January 2012

Abstract

The study of the adhesion of millions of setae on the toes of geckos has been advanced in recent years with the emergence of new technology and measurement methods. The theory of the mechanism of adhesion by van der Waals forces is now accepted and broadly understood. However, this paper presents limitations of this theory and gives a new hypothesis of the biomechanism of gecko adhesion. The findings are obtained through measurements of the magnitude of the adhesion of setae under three different conditions, to show the close relationship between adhesion and status of the setae. They are reinforced by demonstrating two setal structures, follicle cells and hair, the former making the setae capable of producing bioelectrical charges, which play an important role in attachment and detachment processes. It is shown that the abundant muscular tissues at the base of the setae cells, which are controlled by peripheral nerves, are instrumental in producing the foot movement involved in attachment and detachment. Our study will further uncover the adhesion mechanism of geckos, and provide new ideas for designing and fabricating synthetic setae.

Keywordsgecko setae adhesion biomechanism microstructure bionics This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com

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Autor: Ce Guo - JiuRong Sun - YingBin Ge - WenBo Wang - DaPeng Wang - ZhenDong Dai

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11427-012-4286-y







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