Effluents of Shrimp Farms and Its Influence on the Coastal Ecosystems of Bahía de Kino, MexicoReportar como inadecuado

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The Scientific World JournalVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 306370, 8 pages

Research Article

Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora ITSON, 85000 Ciudad Obregón, SON, Mexico

Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de la Universidad de Sonora DICTUS, 83000 Hermosillo, SON, Mexico

Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. CIBNOR, S.C., 85454 Guaymas, SON, Mexico

Universidad Estatal de Sonora US, 85800 Navojoa, SON, Mexico

Received 23 March 2013; Accepted 5 May 2013

Academic Editors: F. Amezcua-Martínez, M. G. Frias-Espericueta, J. R. Ruelas-Inzunza, M. F. Soto-Jimenez, and M. Teichberg

Copyright © 2013 Ramón H. Barraza-Guardado et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The impact on coastal ecosystems of suspended solids, organic matter, and bacteria in shrimp farm effluents is presented. Sites around Bahía de Kino were selected for comparative evaluation. Effluent entering Bahia Kino 1 enters Laguna La Cruz 2. A control site 3 was outside the influence of effluents. Water quality samples were collected every two weeks during the shrimp culture period. Our data show that the material load in shrimp farm effluents changes biogeochemical processes and aquatic health of the coastal ecosystem. Specifically, the suspended solids, particulate organic matter, chlorophyll a, viable heterotrophic bacteria, and Vibrio-like bacteria in the bay and lagoon were two- to three-fold higher than the control site. This can be mitigated by improvements in the management of aquaculture systems.

Autor: Ramón H. Barraza-Guardado, José A. Arreola-Lizárraga, Marco A. López-Torres, Ramón Casillas-Hernández, Anselmo Miranda-B

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/


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