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Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

, 6:30

First Online: 01 November 2010Received: 01 June 2010Accepted: 01 November 2010


Infections of the reproductive tract, complications after childbirth, and reproductive problems continue to be a major health challenge worldwide. An impressive number of plant species is traditionally used to remedy such afflictions, and some have been investigated for their efficacy with positive results. A total of 105 plant species belonging to 91 genera and 62 families were documented and identified as herbal remedies for reproductive problems in Northern Peru. Most species used were Asteraceae 9.52%, followed by Lamiaceae and Fabaceae 8.57% and 6.67%. The most important families are clearly represented very similarly to their overall importance in the local pharmacopoeia. The majority of herbal preparations for reproductive afflictions were prepared from the leaves of plants 22.72%, the whole plant 21.97%, and stems 21.21%, while other plant parts were used less frequently. More than 60% of the cases fresh plant material was used to prepare remedies. Over 70% of the remedies were applied orally, while the remaining ones were applied topically. Many remedies were prepared as mixtures of multiple ingredients.

Little scientific evidence exists to prove the efficacy of the species employed as reproductive disorder remedies in Northern Peru. Only 34% of the plants found or their congeners have been studied at all for their medicinal properties. The information gained on frequently used traditional remedies might give some leads for future targets for further analysis in order to develop new drugs.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1746-4269-6-30 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Rainer W Bussmann - Ashley Glenn


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