Impacts of inbreeding on bumblebee colony fitness under field conditionsReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Evolutionary Biology

, 9:152

First Online: 02 July 2009Received: 05 December 2008Accepted: 02 July 2009

Abstract

BackgroundInbreeding and the loss of genetic diversity are known to be significant threats to small, isolated populations.
Hymenoptera represent a special case regarding the impact of inbreeding.
Haplodiploidy may permit purging of deleterious recessive alleles in haploid males, meaning inbreeding depression is reduced relative to diploid species.
In contrast, the impact of inbreeding may be exacerbated in Hymenopteran species that have a single-locus complementary sex determination system, due to the production of sterile or inviable diploid males.
We investigated the costs of brother-sister mating in the bumblebee Bombus terrestris.
We compared inbred colonies that produced diploid males and inbred colonies that did not produce diploid males with outbred colonies.
Mating, hibernation and colony founding took place in the laboratory.
Once colonies had produced 15 offspring they were placed in the field and left to forage under natural conditions.

ResultsThe diploid male colonies had a significantly reduced fitness compared to regular inbred and outbred colonies; they had slower growth rates in the laboratory, survived for a shorter time period under field conditions and produced significantly fewer offspring overall.
No differences in success were found between non-diploid male inbred colonies and outbred colonies.

ConclusionOur data illustrate that inbreeding exacts a considerable cost in Bombus terrestris through the production of diploid males.
We suggest that diploid males may act as indicators of the genetic health of populations, and that their detection could be used as an informative tool in hymenopteran conservation.
We conclude that whilst haplodiploids may suffer less inbreeding depression than diploid species, they are still highly vulnerable to population fragmentation and reduced genetic diversity due to the extreme costs imposed by the production of diploid males.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2148-9-152 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Penelope R Whitehorn - Matthew C Tinsley - Mark JF Brown - Ben Darvill - Dave Goulson

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2148-9-152



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