Clinical Evaluation of Specific Oral Manifestations in Pediatric Patients with Ascertained versus Potential Coeliac Disease: A Cross-Sectional StudyReportar como inadecuado




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Gastroenterology Research and PracticeVolume 2014 2014, Article ID 934159, 9 pages

Clinical Study

Resident Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Stomatology, University of Messina, 98100 Messina, Italy

Department of Human Pathology, School of Dentistry, University of Messina, Via Consolare Valeria, 98100 Messina, Italy

Department of Pediatric, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Cystic Fibrosis Unit, University of Messina, 98100 Messina, Italy

Received 4 June 2014; Revised 25 July 2014; Accepted 25 July 2014; Published 13 August 2014

Academic Editor: Paolo Gionchetti

Copyright © 2014 Ennio Bramanti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Patients involved on coeliac disease CD have atypical symptoms and often remain undiagnosed. Specific oral manifestations are effective risk indicators of CD and for this reason an early diagnosis with a consequent better prognosis can be performed by the dentist. There are not researches analysing the frequency of these oral manifestations in potential coeliac patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the oral hard and soft tissue lesions in potential and ascertained coeliac children in comparison with healthy controls. 50 ascertained children, 21 potential coeliac patients, and 54 controls were recruited and the oral examination was performed. The overall oral lesions were more frequently present in CD patients than in controls. The prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions was 62% in ascertained coeliac, 76.2% in potential coeliac patients, and 12.96% in controls . Clinical dental delayed eruption was observed in 38% of the ascertained coeliac and 42.5% of the potential coeliac versus 11.11% of the controls . The prevalence of specific enamel defects SED was 48% in ascertained coeliac and 19% in potential coeliac versus 0% in controls ; . The SED seem to be genetically related to the histological damage and villous atrophy.





Autor: Ennio Bramanti, Marco Cicciù, Giada Matacena, Stefano Costa, and Giuseppe Magazzù

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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