Comparison of arsenic and mercury release linked to iron and sulfur biogeochemical processesReportar como inadecuado

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* Corresponding author 1 BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières 2 LEMMA - Laboratoire d-Etude des Matériaux en Milieux Agressifs

Abstract : Understanding and predicting the mobility of redox-sensitive metals, such as arsenic As and mercury Hg, in aquifers is important to reduce their adverse effects. Both these metals have a strong affinity for iron hydroxides that control their sequestration and their bioavailability in soils and aquifers, in strong relation to microbial activity and physico-chemical conditions. The aim of this work was to study the mineralogical transformations, induced by bacterial consortia collected in polluted environments, leading to arsenic or mercury release and speciation in controlled column systems under anoxic conditions. The experimental setup consists of columns filled in the lower half with sand and in the upper half with a mixture of sand and iron oxides, initially doped with either arsenite AsIII or mercury HgII. The system is inoculated with the bacterial consortia of polluted aquifers and a nutritive medium is then circulated through the system in which biological and physico-chemical parameters were followed. The effect of the activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria on arsenic mobilization was demonstrated at the interface between the Fe-rich zone and the zone without Fe: the biotic reduction of solid FeIII or the abiotic reduction by HS- are both possible. The increase of the energy gain for both reducers iron and sulfate reducers is also suggested and this phenomenon could explain the elevated As concentrations seen in certain aquifers e.g. Bengal delta aquifers. Other column experiments are presently being carried out to elucidate mercury redox transformations in similar conditions: the reduction of HgII to volatile Hg0 and methylation to HgCH3- are both likely to take place in such anoxic conditions and could increase the mobility of mercury.

Keywords : Arsenic Mercury release biotic abiotic ferrihydrite mackinawite

Autor: André Burnol - Jennifer Harris-Hellal - Claire Bény - Jacques-André Bourdoiseau - Catherine Crouzet - Catherine Joulian - Fabi



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