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BMC Evolutionary Biology

, 8:143

First Online: 13 May 2008Received: 29 November 2007Accepted: 13 May 2008

Abstract

BackgroundEvolutionary biologists have so far largely treated the testis as a black box with a certain size, a matching resource demand and a resulting sperm output. A better understanding of the way that the testis responds to selection may come from recent developments in theoretical biology aimed at understanding the factors that influence the evolution of tissue architecture i.e. the logical organisation of a tissue. Here we perform a comparative analysis of aspects of testicular architecture of the fruit fly family Drosophilidae. Specifically, we collect published information on the number of first or primary spermatocytes in spermatogenesis, which allows to infer an important aspect of testicular architecture.

ResultsWe show that testicular architecture is much more variable both within and between species than is generally appreciated. Moreover, the number of first spermatocytes is strongly correlated to the sperm length, which is inversely related to the sperm production, and thus the workload of the testis.

ConclusionOur study clearly documents that tissue architecture can evolve, and that in the Drosophilidae it may do so in response to sexual selection. We conclude that the testis of the Drosophilidae is a promising model organ to test recent models of tissue architecture.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2148-8-143 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Lukas Schärer - Jean-Luc Da Lage - Dominique Joly

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2148-8-143



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