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Advances in Preventive MedicineVolume 2011 2011, Article ID 975678, 5 pages

Research ArticleDepartment of Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, 51 Rue Cognacq Jay, 51100 Reims, France

Received 4 June 2010; Revised 11 January 2011; Accepted 4 February 2011

Academic Editor: Diane  Williamson

Copyright © 2011 François-Xavier Lesage et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Exposure to passive smoking at work has been forbidden for few years in France. This study-s aim is to estimate the prevalence of passive smoking at work PSW, the characteristics of illegal passive smoking and to identify eventual respiratory effects. Methods. Occupational practitioners OPs of a French county of 320,000 wage earners were contacted by mail. Then OP answered questions from a standardized questionnaire. These questions concerned the practised job, exposure features linked to PSW and health effects in relationship with second-hand smoke in workplace, and the focus on nonsmoker encountered by OP during the most recent occupational medical examination. Results. Ninety-five percent of a total group of 172 OP of Champagne county filled the postal questionnaire. More than 80% of OP-s replies identified illegal PSW. The average prevalence of PSW exposure was 0.7% of the total working population. Environmental tobacco smoke ETS levels were considered between low and medium for most passive smokers 71%. Main features exposure to ETS at work for non-smokers was associated with female gender 69.5%, age between 40 and 49 years 41.2% and belonging to tertiary sector 75.6%. Environmental tobacco smoke exposures at work was firstly in the office for 49.7% of the subjects and secondly in the restroom for 18% of them. Main medical symptoms encountered by non-smokers were respiratory tractus irritation 81.7%. Eighty-three percent of OPs indicated solution to eradicate PSW. Illegal PSW is really weaker than fifteen years ago. However, the findings support a real ban on smoking in the workplace in order to protect all workers.





Autor: François-Xavier Lesage, Frédéric Deschamps, and Denisa Jurca

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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