Rise of oceanographic barriers in continuous populations of a cetacean: the genetic structure of harbour porpoises in Old World waters Reportar como inadecuado




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BMC Biology

, 5:30

First Online: 25 July 2007Received: 29 December 2006Accepted: 25 July 2007

Abstract

BackgroundUnderstanding the role of seascape in shaping genetic and demographic population structure is highly challenging for marine pelagic species such as cetaceans for which there is generally little evidence of what could effectively restrict their dispersal. In the present work, we applied a combination of recent individual-based landscape genetic approaches to investigate the population genetic structure of a highly mobile extensive range cetacean, the harbour porpoise in the eastern North Atlantic, with regards to oceanographic characteristics that could constrain its dispersal.

ResultsAnalyses of 10 microsatellite loci for 752 individuals revealed that most of the sampled range in the eastern North Atlantic behaves as a -continuous- population that widely extends over thousands of kilometres with significant isolation by distance IBD. However, strong barriers to gene flow were detected in the south-eastern part of the range. These barriers coincided with profound changes in environmental characteristics and isolated, on a relatively small scale, porpoises from Iberian waters and on a larger scale porpoises from the Black Sea.

ConclusionThe presence of these barriers to gene flow that coincide with profound changes in oceanographic features, together with the spatial variation in IBD strength, provide for the first time strong evidence that physical processes have a major impact on the demographic and genetic structure of a cetacean. This genetic pattern further suggests habitat-related fragmentation of the porpoise range that is likely to intensify with predicted surface ocean warming.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1741-7007-5-30 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Michaël C Fontaine - Stuart JE Baird - Sylvain Piry - Nicolas Ray - Krystal A Tolley - Sarah Duke - Alexei BirkunJr - M

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1741-7007-5-30







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