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Abstract

This paper uses data on emissions per capita of ten air pollutants and municipal waste to investigate the potential impact of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership TTIP on the empirical validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve EKC. Using a dataset of the twenty-eight EU members and of the U.S. over a twenty-five year period, the results in this paper provide robust and statistically significant evidence consistent with the EKC argument for CO2, CH4, and HFCs-PFCs-SF6, respectively. Further, the paper finds a monotonically increasing relationship between income per capita and emissions per capita in the cases of GHGs, SF6, and NO2, respectively. In addition, this paper findsthat the EKC’s turning point values of each pollutant are sensitive to the econometric approach and-or to the employed control variables. Finally, the study reports statistically significant evidence suggesting a U-shaped relationship between emissions per capita of SO2 or SOx and income per capita.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: TTIP and the Environmental Kuznets Curve-

English Title: TTIP and the Environmental Kuznets Curve-

Language: English-

Keywords: Free Trade; Environmental Kuznets Curve; TTIP.-

Subjects: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F18 - Trade and EnvironmentF - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy > F53 - International Agreements and Observance ; International OrganizationsQ - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q56 - Environment and Development ; Environment and Trade ; Sustainability ; Environmental Accounts and Accounting ; Environmental Equity ; Population Growth-





Autor: Pascalau, Razvan

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/80192/







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