Interferon-γ promotes abortion due to Brucella infection in pregnant miceReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Microbiology

, 5:22

First Online: 04 May 2005Received: 03 December 2004Accepted: 04 May 2005


BackgroundThe mechanisms of abortion induced by bacterial infection are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated abortion induced by Brucella abortus, a causative agent of brucellosis and facultative intracellular pathogen, in a mouse model.

ResultsHigh rates of abortion were observed for bacterial infection on day 4.5 of gestation, but not for other days. Regardless of whether fetuses were aborted or stayed alive, the transmission of bacteria into the fetus and bacterial replication in the placenta were observed. There was a higher degree of bacterial colonization in the placenta than in other organs and many bacteria were detected in trophoblast giant cells in the placenta. Intracellular growth-defective virB4 mutant and attenuated vaccine strain S19 did not induce abortion. In the case of abortion, around day 7.5 of gestation period of placental development, transient induction of IFN-γ production was observed for infection by the wild type strain, but not by the virB4 mutant and S19. Neutralization of IFN-γ, whose production was induced by infection with B. abortus, served to prevent abortion.

ConclusionThese results indicate that abortion induced by B. abortus infection is a result of transient IFN-γ production during the period of placental development.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2180-5-22 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Suk Kim - Dong Soo Lee - Kenta Watanabe - Hidefumi Furuoka - Hiroshi Suzuki - Masahisa Watarai


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