Year in review 2013: Critical Care- respirologyReport as inadecuate

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Critical Care

, 18:577

Year in review 2013


This review documents important progress made in 2013 in the field of critical care respirology, in particular with regard to acute respiratory failure and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Twenty-five original articles published in the respirology and critical care sections of Critical Care are discussed in the following categories: pre-clinical studies, protective lung ventilation – how low can we go, non-invasive ventilation for respiratory failure, diagnosis and prognosis in acute respiratory distress syndrome and respiratory failure, and promising interventions for acute respiratory distress syndrome.

AbbreviationsARDSAcute respiratory distress syndrome

BALBronchoalveolar lavage

CO2Carbon dioxide

CPAPContinuous positive airway pressure

CTComputed tomography

ECMOExtra-corporeal membrane oxygenation

EVLWExtra-vascular lung water

HCAHypercapnic acidosis

HFOVHigh-frequency oscillatory ventilation


NIVNon-invasive ventilation

OSCILLATEOscillation for acute respiratory distress syndrome treated early

PaCO2Arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide

PaO2-FiO2Arterial partial pressure of oxygen-fraction of inspired oxygen

PDGFPlatelet-derived growth factor

PEEPPositive end-expiratory pressure

PplatInspiratory plateau pressure

RCTRandomized controlled trial

sPLA2Secretory phospholipase A2


VILIVentilator-induced lung injury

VRVentilatory ratio

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Author: Gerard F Curley - Arthur S Slutsky


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