Social productivity and depressive symptoms in early old age-results from the GAZEL study.Reportar como inadecuado

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* Corresponding author 1 Department of Medical Sociology 2 Santé publique et épidémiologie des déterminants professionnels et sociaux de la santé

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: We test associations of frequency of performing three types of socially productive activities voluntary work, informal help and caring for a person with depressive symptoms in older people. Are depressive symptoms negatively associated with frequency in all three types or rather in those activities that are characterized by a high degree of autonomy and perceived control? METHODS: Data on social activities and frequency of performance were collected in the frame of the annual follow-up of the French GAZEL cohort study in 2005. Depressive symptoms were measured by the CES-D scale. Perceived control was assessed by two items of a quality of life measure CASP-19. Total of 14477 respondents aged 52-66 years completed a standardized questionnaire. Linear regression models were calculated adjusting for important confounders including self-rated health assessed during the previous year. RESULTS: In activities characterized by high autonomy in particular voluntary work a negative association of frequency with depressive symptoms was observed, whereas the reverse effect was found in the type of activity with low autonomy care for a person. Perceived control mediated in part the association of frequency of activity with depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: Being often socially productive in early old age may contribute to well-being to the extent that autonomy and perceived control are given.

Autor: Morten Wahrendorf - Céline Ribet - Marie Zins - Johanes Siegrist -



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