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Child Development Research - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 893492, 10 pages -

Research Article

Centre for Family Research, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RQ, UK

Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan

Department of Humanities, University of Pavia, Piazza Botta, 6-27100 Pavia, Italy

Received 29 August 2013; Accepted 5 December 2013; Published 16 January 2014

Academic Editor: Andrew N. Meltzoff

Copyright © 2014 Claire Hughes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Findings from cross-cultural theory-of-mind studies highlight potential measurement effects and both general e.g., East-West and specific e.g., pedagogical experiences cultural contrasts. We compared theory-of-mind scores for children from UK and Italy two Western countries that differ in age of school entry and Japan a Far-Eastern country in which children, like their Italian counterparts, start school later than British children. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to data from 268 age-gender- and verbal ability-matched 5- to 6-year olds. Key findings were that i all 8 indicators loaded onto a single latent factor; and ii this latent factor explained significant variance in each group, with just one indicator showing differential item functioning. Supporting the importance of pedagogical experiences, British children outperformed both their Italian and Japanese counterparts.





Autor: Claire Hughes, Rory T. Devine, Rosie Ensor, Masuo Koyasu, Ai Mizokawa, and Serena Lecce

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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