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AnemiaVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 819136, 5 pages

Research Article

Department of Pathology, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Osudu, Kudapakkam Post, Villanur Communie, Pondicherry 605502, India

Department of Pathology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Maharashtra, India

Department of Forensic Medicine, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry 605502, India

Received 22 August 2013; Revised 10 October 2013; Accepted 21 October 2013

Academic Editor: Eitan Fibach

Copyright © 2013 Sarika More et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia is most common nutritional deficiency disorder in India and remains a formidable health challenge. Girls in the period of later school age and early adolescence are prone to develop iron deficiency. Iron deficiency leads to many non-hematological disturbances which include growth and development, depressed immune function in infants; reduces physical work capacity; decreases the cognitive function in both infants and adolescents. Present study was done to know the prevalence of iron deficiency in both the anemic and non anemic school going adolescent girls, to assess the effect of iron deficiency on cognitive functions in anemic iron deficient and non-anemic iron deficient school girls in a village school situated in central India. Methods. A secondary school having girl students in the age group of 12–15 years studying in sixth to ninth standard was selected. Serum ferritin concentration was estimated by ELISA. For assessing the cognitive function mathematics score, one multi-component test for memory, attention and verbal learning and Intelligent Quotient scores of the students were used. Results. Scholastic Performance, IQ and Scores of Mental balance, Attention & Concentration, Verbal Memory and Recognition were decreased in iron deficient girls, both anemic and non anemic as compared to the non iron deficient girls.





Autor: Sarika More, V. B. Shivkumar, Nitin Gangane, and Sumeet Shende

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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