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Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine

, 9:65

First Online: 18 December 2014Received: 04 November 2014Accepted: 28 November 2014

Abstract

BackgroundChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD ranks third as cause of mortality and disability-adjusted life years DALY worldwide and also in Italy it imposes a huge health, social and economic load. Early symptoms of COPD are often disregarded by patients and physicians, spirometry is underutilized, and the diagnosis is delayed till the disease has reached a distinct severity level. Despite the availability of various guidelines, the behavior of health workers involved in the management of COPD is still rather unlike. These considerations are the reason why in October 2013 AIMAR Interdisciplinary Scientific Association for Research in Lung Disease devised and organized a -Third Consensus Conference-, aimed at pointing out the standards of suitability for COPD management. In this context three important topics of discussion were identified: early and more widespread diagnosis, management of acute and subacute phases, long-term assistance to chronic patients.

MethodsThe procedure recommended by the Italian Health Superior Institute ISS for Consensus Conferences organization was applied. The Conference was structured in three sessions, each dealing with one of the above mentioned topics and including a short update of the subject-matter and presentation, discussion and voting of some statements with a choice ranging from total agreement to total disagreement or no knowledge. The results of voting were eventually recorded in the document, reviewed by an independent jury, that forms the substance of this paper.

ResultsThe essential role of spirometry, the need for distinguish between different COPD phenotypes, and the obligatoriness to base on the blood gas analysis findings the long-term oxygen therapy, were largely agreed, as well as the need for interventions aimed at decreasing the rate of acute exacerbations. More specific topics like the use of noninvasive ventilation, recognizing the factors affecting outcome and mortality, the choice of pharmacological and non pharmacological treatments in COPD patients led to lively discussing, but they did not always reach the total agreement, probably because of insufficient familiarity with these problems and of diversities in organization and instruments availability. The chronic respiratory assistance was treated with particular regard to smoking cessation, whose implementation is still insufficient. Many doubts rose due to uncertainty, lack of ability and standardization of procedures, insufficient institutional support, and difficulties to realize a network for assistance to chronic patients.

ConclusionsThe results of this Third Consensus Conference revealed some certainties and many doubts and diversities of view also on topics whose importance is well demonstrated in scientific literature. Thus, there is still a long distance to cover before reaching a suitable standardization of COPD management and such situation urges the need for improving not only the health professional’s operativeness but also the organizational support by competent institutions. In this context some initiatives organized by AIMAR in cooperation with other respiratory scientific societies and patients’ associations are going on.

KeywordsAcute and chronic therapy Acute exacerbations COPD Diagnosis Guidelines Management Smoking Spirometry Standards of suitability Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-2049-6958-9-65 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Claudio M Sanguinetti - Nicolino Ambrosino - Filippo Andò - Fernando De Benedetto - Claudio F Donner - Stefano Nardini -

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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