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Abstract

Eight out of ten leading international indices to assess developing countries in aspects beyond GDP are showing strong redundancy, bias and unilateralism. The quantitative comparison gives evidence for the fact that always the same countries lead the ranks with a low standard deviation. The dependency of the GDP is striking: do the indices only measure indicators that are direct effects of a strong GDP?While the impact of GDP can be discussed reverse as well, the standard deviation shows a strong bias: only one out of the twenty countries with the highest standard deviation is among the Top-20 countries of the world, but 11 countries among those with the lowest standard deviation.Let’s have a look at the backsides of global statistics and methods to compare their findings.The article is the result of a pre-study to assess Social Capital for development countries made for the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. The study leaded to the UN Sustainable Development Goals UN SDG project World Social Capital Monitor.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Redundancy, Unilateralism and Bias beyond GDP – results of a Global Index Benchmark-

English Title: Redundancy, Unilateralism and Bias beyond GDP – results of a Global Index Benchmark-

Language: English-

Keywords: Beyond GDP, GDP, Gross Domestic Product, United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, UN SDG, bias, unilateralism, redundancy, Global Index Benchmark, indices, country rankings-

Subjects: A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A11 - Role of Economics ; Role of Economists ; Market for EconomistsA - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A12 - Relation of Economics to Other DisciplinesA - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A13 - Relation of Economics to Social ValuesA - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A14 - Sociology of EconomicsB - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B4 - Economic Methodology > B40 - GeneralC - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C10 - GeneralC - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology ; Computer Programs > C83 - Survey Methods ; Sampling MethodsE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E1 - General Aggregative Models > E16 - Social Accounting MatrixE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook > E66 - General Outlook and ConditionsF - International Economics > F6 - Economic Impacts of Globalization > F62 - Macroeconomic ImpactsF - International Economics > F6 - Economic Impacts of Globalization > F63 - Economic DevelopmentG - Financial Economics > G0 - General > G01 - Financial CrisesH - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H41 - Public GoodsH - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related PoliciesH - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H50 - GeneralI - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare, Well-BeingI - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of PovertyO - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic DevelopmentO - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O11 - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic DevelopmentO - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and PolicyO - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O57 - Comparative Studies of CountriesP - Economic Systems > P0 - General > P00 - GeneralQ - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental EconomicsQ - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q50 - GeneralY - Miscellaneous Categories > Y8 - Related DisciplinesY - Miscellaneous Categories > Y8 - Related Disciplines > Y80 - Related DisciplinesZ - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic AnthropologyZ - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification-





Autor: Dill, Alexander

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/74268/







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