Magnitude of Maternal Anaemia in Rural Burkina Faso: Contribution of Nutritional Factors and Infectious DiseasesReport as inadecuate

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Advances in Public Health - Volume 2016 2016, Article ID 9364046, 7 pages -

Research Article

Centre MURAZ, P.O. Box 390, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Université de Ouaga I Pr. Joseph Ki-Zerbo, P.O. Box 7021, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Institut Regional de Santé Publique, Ouidah, Benin

Received 4 July 2016; Accepted 20 October 2016

Academic Editor: Carol J. Burns

Copyright © 2016 Nicolas Meda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Maternal anaemia is a worldwide public health problem affecting particularly developing countries. In Burkina Faso, little data is available for rural areas. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of maternal anaemia and the risk factors associated with it in the rural health district of Hounde in Burkina Faso but also to define better control measures of maternal anaemia. Methods. This cross-sectional study conducted in 2010 had a sample of 3,140 pregnant women attending antenatal care in all the 18 primary health care facilities of the district. The women’s characteristics and their knowledge about contraceptives and sexually transmitted infections STI were collected. Also, physical and gynaecological examination, completed by vaginal, cervix, blood, and stool samplings, were collected. Results. A prevalence of 63.1% was recorded for maternal anaemia. Geophagy rate was 16.3% and vitamin A deficiency 69.3%. In addition, anaemia was independently associated with low education, low brachial perimeter, geophagy, and primigravida. But no statically significant relationship was found between maternal anaemia and infectious diseases or vitamin A deficiency. Conclusion. The magnitude of maternal anaemia was found to be higher in rural Hounde health district and should be addressed by adequate policy including education and the fight against malnutrition.

Author: Nicolas Meda, Malik Coulibaly, Yacouba Nebie, Ibrahima Diallo, Yves Traore, and Laurent T. Ouedraogo



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