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Critical Care

, 20:231

First Online: 31 July 2016Received: 29 April 2016Accepted: 20 July 2016


BackgroundDiaphragm dysfunction in mechanically ventilated patients is associated with poor outcome. Maximal inspiratory pressure MIP can be used to evaluate inspiratory muscle function. However, it is unclear whether respiratory weakness is independently associated with long-term mortality. The aim of this study was to determine if low MIP is independently associated with one-year mortality.

MethodsWe conducted a prospective observational cohort study in an 18-bed ICU. Adults requiring at least 24 hours of mechanical ventilation with scheduled extubation and no evidence of pre-existing muscle weakness underwent MIP evaluation just before extubation. Patients were divided into two groups: low MIP MIP ≤30 cmH2O and high MIP MIP >30 cmH2O. Mortality was recorded for one year after extubation. For the survival analysis, the effect of low MIP was assessed using the log-rank test. The independent effect of low MIP on post mechanical ventilation mortality was analyzed using a multivariable Cox regression model.

ResultsOne hundred and twenty-four patients underwent MIP evaluation median age 66 years 25–75 percentile 56–74, Simplified Acute Physiology Score SAPS 2 = 45 33–57, duration of mechanical ventilation 7 days 4–10. Fifty-four percent of patients had low MIP. One-year mortality was 31 % 95 % CI 0.21, 0.43 in the low MIP group and 7 % 95 % CI 0.02, 0.16 in the high MIP group. After adjustment for SAPS 2 score, body mass index and duration of mechanical ventilation, low MIP was independently associated with one-year mortality hazard ratio 4.41, 95 % CI 1.5, 12.9, p = 0.007. Extubation failure was also associated with low MIP relative risk 3.0, 95 % CI 1 -9.6; p = 0.03 but tracheostomy and ICU length of stay were not.

ConclusionLow MIP is frequent in patients on mechanical ventilation and is an independent risk factor for long-term mortality in ICU patients requiring mechanical ventilation. MIP is easily evaluated at the patient’s bedside.

Trial RegistrationThis study was retrospectively registered in NCT02363231 in February 2015.

KeywordsDiaphragm ICU Maximal inspiratory pressure Mechanical ventilation Mortality Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13054-016-1418-y contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Clément Medrinal - Guillaume Prieur - Éric Frenoy - Aurora Robledo Quesada - Antoine Poncet - Tristan Bonnevie - Francis-E


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