A Chronological Perspective on the Acheulian and Its Transition to the Middle Stone Age in Southern Africa: The Question of the FauresmithReportar como inadecuado




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International Journal of Evolutionary BiologyVolume20112011, Article ID961401, 25 pages

Review ArticleAustralian Archaeomagnetism Laboratory, School of Historical and European Studies, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia

Received 8 November 2010; Revised 25 January 2011; Accepted 27 March 2011

Academic Editor: ParthChauhan

Copyright 2011 Andy I. R. Herries. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An understanding of the age of the Acheulian and the transition tothe Middle Stone Age in southern Africa has been hampered by alack of reliable dates for key sequences in the region. A numberof researchers have hypothesised that the Acheulian first occurredsimultaneously in southern and eastern Africa at around1.7-1.6Ma. A chronological evaluation of the southernAfrican sites suggests that there is currently little firmevidence for the Acheulian occurring before 1.4Ma insouthern Africa. Many researchers have also suggested theoccurrence of a transitional industry, the Fauresmith, coveringthe transition from the Early to Middle Stone Age, but again, theFauresmith has been poorly defined, documented, and dated. Despitethe occurrence of large cutting tools in these Fauresmithassemblages, they appear to include all the technologicalcomponents characteristic of the MSA. New data from stratifiedFauresmith bearing sites in southern Africa suggest thistransitional industry maybe as old as 511435ka andshould represent the beginning of the MSA as a broad entity ratherthan the terminal phase of the Acheulian. The MSA in this form isa technology associated with archaic H. sapiensand early modern humans in Africa with a trend of greatercomplexity through time.





Autor: Andy I. R. Herries

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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