en fr Aliments in private law Les aliments en droit priv Report as inadecuate

en fr Aliments in private law Les aliments en droit priv - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 PRISME-SDRE - Politique, Religion, Institutions et Socits : Mutations Europennes - Socit, Droit et Religion en Europe 2 Politique, religion, institutions et socits : mutations europennes Strasbourg

Abstract : Studies of aliments in private law consist in analysing its legal regime and its relative implications. In common language, aliments directly refers to the food. However, Private law widens that term so that it is not only linked to nutrition. While Commercial law and consumer law fully agree with that definition, law of the family uses the plural aliments and that relates to all which is needed for life. This is a more general definition, that states that aliments are rather being the minimum necessary for the subsistence. Since there is no exhaustive predefined list of what is life necessary, this work is focus ondefining criteria that legally qualify aliments. This work also looks at means of acquiring aliments and ways for collecting aliments claims. This work shows the diversity both in aliments meaning and claim collections means depending on vital needs to be fulfilled. Those needs being themselves highly case-law dependant. Also, the maintenance allowance duties within families and through collective solidarity that the legislator has planned to help people failing to meet their vital needs is regulated by an exceptional regime of the common law. So the visible term aliments hides a huge legal concept that protects both close relationship and collectively more people from falling below some basic needs.

Rsum : Ltude des aliments en droit priv consiste, analyser les diverses implications juridiques de cette notion. Dans le langage courant les aliments renvoient la nourriture. Dans certaines branches du droit priv telles que le droit commercial ou le droit de la consommation, on retrouve la premire acception. En droit de la famille, elle prsente une spcificit car utilise la forme plurielle les aliments recouvrent tout ce qui est ncessaire la vie. Il sagit dune dfinition gnrale, les aliments sont conus comme tant le minimum essentiel la subsistance. Dans la mesure o il nexiste pas de liste dfinie des lments ncessaires la vie, cette thse tend rechercher des critres de qualification juridique des aliments, analyser les moyens dacquisition de ceux-ci. Ceci rvle une notion polysmique et protiforme selon la nature des besoins. De mme, les obligations alimentaires instaures par le lgislateur entre certains proches dune part et une solidarit collective dautre part, permettant celui qui est dans le besoin dacqurir des aliments, sont caractrises par un rgime juridique, particulirement drogatoire du droit commun. Cela dmontre que sous lapparente simplification de la notion daliments, il se cache un concept juridique permettant dassurer une vie convenable aux proches et aux personnes dans le besoin dans le cadre de la solidarit collective.

en fr

Keywords : Aliments Alimentary obligations Family solidarity Collective solidarity French private law International private law

Mots-cls : Obligations alimentaires Solidarit familiale Solidarit collective Droit priv franais Droit international priv

Author: Nina Voko -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


Related documents