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BMC Genomics

, 14:130

Prokaryote microbial genomics


BackgroundAs well known, both natural and synthetic steroidal compounds are powerful endocrine disrupting compounds EDCs which can cause reproductive toxicity and affect cellular development in mammals and thus are generally regarded as serious contributors to water pollution. Streptomyces virginiae IBL14 is an effective degradative strain for many steroidal compounds and can also catalyze the C25 hydroxylation of diosgenin, the first-ever biotransformation found on the F-ring of diosgenin.

ResultsTo completely elucidate the hydroxylation function of cytochrome P450 genes CYPs found during biotransformation of steroids by S. virginiae IBL14, the whole genome sequencing of this strain was carried out via 454 Sequencing Systems. The analytical results of BLASTP showed that the strain IBL14 contains 33 CYPs, 7 ferredoxins and 3 ferredoxin reductases in its 8.0 Mb linear chromosome. CYPs from S. virginiae IBL14 are phylogenetically closed to those of Streptomyces sp. Mg1 and Streptomyces sp. C. One new subfamily was found as per the fact that the CYP Svu001 in S. virginiae IBL14 shares 66% identity only to that ZP 05001937, protein identifer from Streptomyces sp. Mg1. Further analysis showed that among all of the 33 CYPs in S. virginiae IBL14, three CYPs are clustered with ferredoxins, one with ferredoxin and ferredoxin reductase and three CYPs with ATP-GTP binding proteins, four CYPs arranged with transcriptional regulatory genes and one CYP located on the upstream of an ATP-binding protein and transcriptional regulators as well as four CYPs associated with other functional genes involved in secondary metabolism and degradation.

ConclusionsThese characteristics found in CYPs from S. virginiae IBL14 show that the EXXR motif in the K-helix is not absolutely conserved in CYP157 family and I-helix not absolutely essential for the CYP structure, too. Experimental results showed that both CYP Svh01 and CYP Svu022 are two hydroxylases, capable of bioconverting diosgenone into isonuatigenone and β-estradiol into estriol, respectively.

KeywordsBiotransformation Cytochrome P450 Ferredoxin Ferredoxin reductase Gene sequencing Secondary metabolism Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2164-14-130 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Zhi-Zhen Li, Xiao-Fei Li contributed equally to this work.

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Autor: Zhi-Zhen Li - Xiao-Fei Li - Wei Yang - Xiang Dong - Jie Yu - Shu-Liang Zhu - Man Li - Li Xie - Wang-Yu Tong


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