What Can Be Learned Studying The Distribution Of The Biggest FragmentReport as inadecuate

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1 IPNO - Institut de Physique Nucléaire d-Orsay 2 GANIL - Grand Accélérateur National d-Ions Lourds 3 LPCC - Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen

Abstract : In the canonical formalism of statistical physics, a signature of a first order phase transition for finite systems is the bimodal distribution of an order parameter. Previous thermodynamical studies of nuclear sources produced in heavy-ion collisions provide information which support the existence of a phase transition in those finite nuclear systems. Some results suggest that the observable Z1 charge of the biggest fragment can be considered as a reliable order parameter of the transition. This talk will show how from peripheral collisions studied with the INDRA detector at GSI we can obtain this bimodal behaviour of Z1. Getting rid of the entrance channel effects and under the constraint of an equiprobable distribution of excitation energy E*, we use the canonical description of a phase transition to link this bimodal behaviour with the residual convexity of the entropy. Theoretical with and without phase transition and experimental Z1-E* correlations are compared. This comparison allows us to rule out the case without transition. Moreover that quantitative comparison provides us with information about the coexistence region in the Z1-E* plane which is in good agreement with that obtained with the signal of abnormal uctuations of configurational energy microcanonical negative heat capacity.

Keywords : multifragmentation peripheral heavy ion collisions phase transition signature biggest fragment bimodality distribution order parameter fluctuations

Author: E. Bonnet - F. Gulminelli - B. Borderie - N. Le Neindre - M.F. Rivet -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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