Australian and Pacific contributions to the genetic diversity of Norfolk Island feral chickensReport as inadecuate




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BMC Genetics

, 14:91

Animal population genetics

Abstract

BackgroundNorfolk Island has a population of feral chickens which could be the result of domestic stock introduced onto the island by British settlers in 1788. However, there is ongoing debate about their origins because multiple human arrivals to the island may have brought chickens with them. Here we investigate the genetic origins of these feral chickens by sequencing their mitochondrial control region. We infer their phylogenetic relationships using a large dataset of novel sequences from Australian mainland domestic chickens and published sequences from around the world.

ResultsEleven control region haplotypes were found among the Norfolk Island feral and Australian mainland domestic chickens. Six of the Norfolk Island haplotypes fall within haplogroup E, but given the worldwide distribution of this haplogroup, the putative European origin of these chickens requires further investigation. One haplotype common among Norfolk Island and Australian samples belonged to a subgroup of haplogroup D, which appears to be restricted to chickens from Indonesia, Vanuatu and Guam.

ConclusionsOur data show that at least two mitochondrial DNA haplogroups D and E have contributed to the genetic make-up of Norfolk Island feral chickens. In addition, we have provided insights into the discrete geographical distribution and diversity of the chicken haplogroup D. In view of the worldwide interest in the characterisation of poultry resources, further assessment of chicken populations of Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific region is warranted.

KeywordsNorfolk Island Mitochondrial DNA Network analysis Chickens Ferals AbbreviationsmtDNAMitochondrial DNA

NINorfolk Island.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2156-14-91 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Shannan M Langford S - Spiridoula Kraitsek - Bruce Baskerville - Simon YW Ho - Jaime Gongora

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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