In vitro three-dimensional modeling of fallopian tube secretory epithelial cellsReport as inadecuate

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BMC Cell Biology

, 14:43

Cell differentiation and proliferation


BackgroundFallopian tube secretory epithelial cells FTSECs have been implicated as a cell-of-origin for high-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer. However, there are relatively few in vitro models of this tissue type available for use in studies of FTSEC biology and malignant transformation. In vitro three-dimensional 3D cell culture models aim to recreate the architecture and geometry of tissues in vivo and restore the complex network of cell-cell-cell-matrix interactions that occur throughout the surface of the cell membrane.

ResultsWe have established and characterized 3D spheroid culture models of primary FTSECs. FTSEC spheroids contain central cores of hyaline matrix surrounded by mono- or multi-layer epithelial sheets. We found that 3D culturing alters the molecular characteristics of FTSECs compared to 2D cultures of the same cells. Gene expression profiling identified more than a thousand differentially expressed genes between 3D and 2D cultures of the same FTSEC lines. Pathways significantly under-represented in 3D FTSEC cultures were associated with cell cycle progression and DNA replication. This was also reflected in the reduced proliferative indices observed in 3D spheroids stained for the proliferation marker MIB1. Comparisons with gene expression profiles of fresh fallopian tube tissues revealed that 2D FTSEC cultures clustered with follicular phase tubal epithelium, whereas 3D FTSEC cultures clustered with luteal phase samples.

ConclusionsThis 3D model of fallopian tube secretory epithelial cells will advance our ability to study the underlying biology and etiology of fallopian tube tissues and the pathogenesis of high-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer.

KeywordsFallopian tube secretory epithelial cells Gene expression microarray Three-dimensional in vitro models Tissue microenvironment Ovarian cancer AbbreviationsFTSECFallopian tube epithelial cell

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Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2121-14-43 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Kate Lawrenson, Maria Notaridou contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Kate Lawrenson - Maria Notaridou - Nathan Lee - Elizabeth Benjamin - Ian J Jacobs - Christopher Jones - Simon A Gayther


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